Lecture 6: Ordinal Regression
Guest lecture by Sunny Tseng
- Finish up Survival Analysis (Vincenzo)
- Ordinal regression discussion: notes (Sunny)
- Ordinal regression live coding: worksheet.R (Sunny)
By the end of the lecture, students are expected to be able to:
(To be updated based on what was actually discussed)
- Identify whether a variance is ordinal.
- Identify the model assumptions in a proportional odds model.
- Interpret the regression coefficients in a proportional odds model.
- Fit a proportional odds model in R, extract relevant quantities, and make predictions.
- Chapter 8 of Applied Logistic Regression by David W. Hosmer, Jr., Stanley Lemeshow.
- A variable is ordinal if its values have a natural ordering.
- For example, months have an inherent order.
- A proportional odds model is a commonly used model that allows us to interpret how predictors influence an ordinal response. Let’s consider lower levels as being “worse”.
- It models an individual’s odds of having an outcome “worse than” (less than or equal to) level
k for all
k as being some baseline odds, multiplied by
eta is a linear combination of the predictors. Sometimes (like in R’s
eta is a negative linear combination of predictors, so that the multiplicative factor is
- The coefficient
beta on a predictor
X (contained in
eta) has the following interpretation (if
eta is defined as a linear combination of predictors without a negative sign in front): an increase in
X by one unit is associated with
exp(beta) times the odds of being worse off. If
eta is defined with a negative sign, the same interpretation follows with
exp(-beta) instead of